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Bio-Data Of P.A.Abrachan


Name : P.A.Abrachan

Educational Qualification : BE (Electrical, M.S.Ramaiah Institute Of Tecnology, Bangalore)
Post Graduate Diploma In Systems Management (NIIT)

Certifications : Certified Quality Analyst (SEI - USA)
Certified trainer (Quality Education System - Philip Crosby)

Trainings attended : Management Development Program (XLRI)
QES (Philip Crosby)
Internal Auditor (ISO)
QES (Train the trainer)

Advisory Roles : Advisor to Government College Of Technology (Coimbatore)


Articles Published : Stepping stones to Quality Business (Data Quest)
http://www.angelfire.com/ab3/pudussery/steppingstones.htm

Need Of The Hour (Data Quest)
http://www.angelfire.com/ab3/pudussery/orgclimate.htm

Experience Summary :
15 years in software development, roles ranging from Programmer,Project Manager,Unit Head,Quality Manager, Project director
Excellent knowledge on software development methodologies
Excellent knowledge on CMM methodologies
Excellent knowledge on Project management reviews,audits,preventive actions,causal analysis
Excellent knowledge on Philip Crosbys Methodologies
Excellent Account Management Capabilities
Excellent Training Capabilities
Excellent team management capabilities

The Values I can bring In:
Can develop the Quality Management System from scratch
Can lead the organizations software development actvities to CMM level 5 over a period of time
Can save the organization the money spend on rework (Price Of Nonconformance)
Can improve the job satisfaction levels of the IT professionals
Can improve the customer satisfaction (internal and external)
Can lead the QA activities
Can provide excellent presentations
Can conduct training programs on software engineering
Can lead a team of project managers
Can manage major accounts
Can manage very large projects
Can manage a software development center (medium sized)

My Unique Skills
Excellent knowledge on software engineering ,quality systems, account management, profit center management, project management
Result oriented


Contact Details : Hand Phone : 0091-9843008353
Res : 0091-422-444916 (before 8.30 a.m and after 9.30 p.m IST)

Address for Communication
P.A.Abrachan,
House No 124 G
Sakthi Enclave
Narayanaguru Road,
Saibaba Colony,
Coimbatore,
Tamil Nadu,
India
Email : - abrachan@hotmail.com

Date Of Birth : 19/06/1961

Total Experience in IT : 14 Years

Personal Web Page : http://www.angelfire.com/ab4/abrachan

Expected Job Content : Profit center management, Quality Management
CMM implementation, Project management, Account Management

Professional Ambition : Start own company, catering to the QA and project management support

Current Job : Director Process Improvement
TBN India

Responsibilities : Process Improvement
Development & Implementation of Quality Management System
(All the projects are US Based)
Training on Crosbys Techniques
CMM Level 3 certification
Guidance to Management on Quality








Details Of Assignments

Present Job:

Director (Process Improvement)
TBN Software
Coimbatore
India

From July-2000 onwards

Responsibilities:-

Heading the QA function
Establishment of the Quality Management System
Continuous process improvement
Training
Reduction of price of non conformance

Achievements :-
Formed the Quality Policy
Trained four batches (40 professionals) on the Quality Education System of Philip Crosby
Formulated the structure of the Quality Management System
Implemented system for project tracking
Standardized the system for defect tracking
QMS is being developed

Designation : Senior Manager (projects)
Organization : FEC Infosystems Pvt Ltd
Location : Singapore
Duration : From October 1999 onwards till July-2000

Responsibilities:-
1) Ensuring the delivery of software on time with quality
2) Liason with the clients
3) Liason with the off-shore software factories
4) Liason with third party vendors
5) Conducting project management reviews
6) Pre-sales
7) Effort estimation
8) Implementation Of Quality Management System
9)
Total number of ongoing projects = 10

Reporting to : The Director
Designation : Unit Head
Organization : Professional Services Organization , HCL Infosystems Pvt Ltd
Location : Coimbatore Duration : October - 1997 to October - 1999

Responsibilities:-
1) Overall in charge of the unit (40 professionals)
2) Implementation of Quality Management System
3) ISO & CMM certification (Got ISO 9001 & CMM Level 4)
4) Pre-sales
5) Training (Crosby's methodologies)
6) Conducting project management reviews
7) Achievement of business targets

Reporting to : General Manager


Designation : Project Manager
Organization : Professional Services Organization, HCL Infosystems Pvt Ltd
Location : Coimbatore
Duration : October - 1995 to October - 1997
Roles :-
Project Manager - Information Strategy Planning (Rajshree Sugar's & Chemicals, Coimbatore)
Project Manager - Information Strategy Planning ( ABT Industries, Coimbatore)

Project Manager - Online Integrated System for Lakshmi Mills, Coimbatore
Modules - Sales,Purchase,Inventory,Payroll,Financial Accounting,Production Monitoring
Platform - HP-UX,Oracle 7.x, Developer 2000
Effort - 60 MM

Reporting to : Unit Head



Designation : Programmer Analyst
Organization : Oman Trading Establishment
Location : Muscat, Sultanate Of Oman
Duration : 2 Years

Roles :-
1) Software requirements specification preparation for Financial Accounting Application,Credit Management System
2) Design
3) Development
4) Implementation
5) Team Management
6) Maintenance of the application

Platform : AIX,Oracle-6, Forms 3.0

Reporting to : EDP Manager

Designation : Analyst Programmer
Organization : KSB Pumps & Valves
Location : Coimbatore
Duration : 2 years

Role:-
Customization and implementation of in-house developed ERP system comprising of Sales,Purchase,Inventory,PPC,Financial accounting,Engineering

Platform : Unix,Oracle-6, Forms 3.0
Reporting to : EDP Manager
Designation : Programmer
Organization : Premier Cable Company Limited
Location : Cochin
Duration : 4 years

Role :-

Study,Analysis,Design,development & implementation of a Production Planning & Control application

Platform : Unix, Oracle-5, Forms 2.0

Reporting to : EDP Manager
Designation : Programmer Trainee
Organization : Southstar Data Consultancy
Location : Bangalore
Duration : 3 months

Role :-
Assistance in designing an equipment management system for a construction company

Reporting to : Designer








The Compliment I Treasure (From an ex-colleague)

Dear Sir,
How are you ? I am still in Cyprus and I will be here for another one month or so. As you must be knowing that I have come here for UAT and Post Implementation Support, and as usual in all the UAT's there were some problems , some minor some major. Some problem still exist in Post Live also, which I am trying to Fix. The modus operandi is that , I have been asked to spend maximum one hour on a problem, and If I can not fix it, it will be sent to Bangalore, where full fledged Support team is waiting.. Here there is always somebody (in spite of the time gap) in Bangalore to back me. It really helps the person on site in concentrating on other problems and giving him confidence.

Any way, my main purpose of mailing was something else. I used to log the defects as usual and when I came here, I added two more columns, Root Cause and Preventive action. And just out of curiosity I did a causal analysis and now I am proud in saying that the number of defects reported has come down to2 per week from 24 per week. It has much to do with the CAP that I did than my technical knowledge. I did not do anything other than drawing a fish bone diagram and finding the root cause. And one more thing, my intention was to get result not to get promoted or rewarded (as it is , still in some places ).
Your QES training and the approach has really helped me in this assignment . I am telling this to you because there will be very few people who will appreciate this approach. It takes time to get the results, but the results ,once they come will be unmatched. Sir, I sincerely thank you for the knowledge and guidance that I got under your stewardship and supervision.

Best wishes and Regards Yours
Anjan












Articles Published In Data Quest

Need Of The Hour
Building the appropriate organizational climate paves the way for qualitative enhancement of services.
Most organizations embark on the quality journey due to pressure from competition. Normally this is pursued as a turnkey project with a stretch target and guidance from an external consultant. While enthusiasm peaks on the day of certification it tapers down later and the number of non-conformities increases linearly with time. Then the burn out and downward trends begin. As a corollary, adequate groundwork has to be done for quality improvement programs to bear fruit. Evidently then, the framework which will provide the right organizational climate for the quality tree to grow and yield robust fruits is critical.
At the foundation level resides the corporate vision, mission and objective (VMO). In most organizations this is done top down, which reduces the ownership of VMO as you move down the hierarchy. Also, in most companies, around 60% of the employees do not even know the organizational mission. In certain cases the organization itself does not have a mission statement and so an opportunity to drive the organization along the right direction is missed. The improvement of quality should begin at the top management level where vision, commitment and an open approach are formulated. A well defined mission statement should ideally:
Focus on the future of the organization
Strategies and programs should flow from this future vision.
Be owned by all in the organizations to the lowest levels
Should focus on customer & quality
All of these can be followed through by top-down and bottom-up orders. The next step is to build the right organizational climate. Especially in industries like software, where the manpower turnover is very high the only solution is continuous education focussed at continuous improvement. It is not that 100% improvement in one process, but it is that 1% improvement in hundreds of processes that grants an organization the competitive advantage.
The whole process of building the right organizational climate rests on four pillars:
Philosophy: Masaki Imais kaizen

Direction: W Edward Demings 14 points
Steps: 5 step methodology of Philip Crosby
Integrity: Seven habits of Stephen Covey
These philosophies and practices can be imbibed into the organization by continuous education supported by well drawn out, structured training programs and recognition systems for the achievers. These training programs also should undergo continuous improvement and get institutionalized as part of the induction programs for new entrants to the organization.
The next challenge lies in organizing the training through external or internal agencies. If external, then identification of adequate competence and enthusiasm to translate the required knowledge with conviction into concrete, viable outcomes forms the most crucial phase. If the training is carried out through internal channels, then it is advisable to get the trainers trained and proven before they embark on the training program. The programs should be aimed at creating opportunities to learn new skills, practice them and share the experiences which will undoubtedly result in improvement. Recognition programs to support the achievers must be part of the training programs. The ultimate objective of these training programs should be to generate conviction in each employee on the significance of continuous quality improvement. For the organization to experience this cultural change, each and every employee should first experience the benefits at a personal level.
Kaizen philosophy
Kaizen is a Japanese term for continuous improvement which really means continuous incremental improvement. kai refers to change and zen refers to good, thereby meaning changing for the good. It pertains to continuous improvement involving everyone from top management, managers to workers. It also refers to improvement in personal life too.
The kaizen strategy is the single most important concept in Japanese managementthe key to Japanese competitive success. It rests on the basic premise that our way of life deserves to be constantly improved. (Masaki Imai)
Implementing kaizen: Improve constantly and forever the system of production and service. Improvement is not a one time effort. Management is obligated to continually look for ways to reduce waste and improve quality. (W Edward Deming)
This is certainly not easy and will come about only when people become dissatisfied with their current working conditions, which is the ideal time to introduce the 5S exercise which comprise of:
Seiri Separate out all that is unnecessary and eliminate it
SeitonThose things found to be necessary are put in order so that they are ready for use when required.
SeisoClean workplace, equipment and prevent defects
SeiketsuStandardize. Make cleaning and checking routine
ShitsukeDiscipline and training, personal cleanliness and applying kaizen to the previous four steps
The starting point for improvement is to recognize the need. This comes from the recognition of a problem. If no problem is recognized, there is no recognition for the need for improvement. Complacency is the arch-enemy of kaizen. Therefore kaizen emphasises problem-awareness and provides clues for identifying problems. (Masaki Imai)
CRITICAL QUESTIONS: Using the 5Ws and one H encourages employees to look at a process and raise critical questions.
Who is doing it? Who should be doing it?
What is being done? What should be done?
Where is it being done? Where should it be done?
When is it being done? When should it be done?
Why is it being done ? Why do it that way?
How is it being done? How should it be done?
MONITORING KAIZEN IMPLEMENTATION: The kaizen axiom is about continuous improvement of people, processes, procedures and any other factor affecting quality. An effective way to identify problems and representing opportunities for improvement is to formulate a checklist that draws attention to those factors needing improvement. These could be:
Personnel
Work techniques
Time
Facilities
Equipment
Systems
Software
Tools
Materials
Plant Layout
Production Levels
Inventory
Paradigms or mindset
To utilize this checklist in the workplace, the immediate supervisors approval and co-operation is critical. A positive response from the boss encouraging his subordinates new ideas and techniques will then develop trust between them thus stimulating other improvements in its wake and making the work front a progressive one.
However it is easier preached than practised. Very basic questions like The procedures are fine with me, why should we change it? can emerge from the superiors end. From your perspective, it would be risky for you to change it using your own discretion. This could well be a case of the wet blanket list, in Masaki Imais words, wherein your boss declined to give you a chance for anonymous reasons.
Wet blanket list:
I am too busy to study it
Its a good idea but the timing is premature
Its not on the agenda
Theory is different from practice
Isnt there something else for you to do?
I think it does not match with corporate policy
It isnt our business; let someone else think about it
Are you dissatisfied with your work?
It is not improvement, it is common sense
I know the result, even if we dont do it
I will not be held accountable for it
Cant you think of a better idea?
Those are the twelve wet blankets you frequently hear in work situations which will tell on the productivity of the employees as they typically put out the fire of progress. In order to avoid such a stalemate, the following ten basic kaizen tips can be adhered to:
Discard conventional and fixed ideas
Think of how to do it, not why it cannot be done
Do not make excuses. Start by questioning current practices
Do not seek perfection. Do it right away even if for only 50% of the target
If you make a mistake, correct it right away
Do not spend money for kaizen. Use your wisdom
Wisdom is brought out when faced with hardship
Ask why five times and seek root causes
Seek the wisdom of ten people rather than the knowledge of one
Kaizen ideas are infinite
Crosbys five step methodology
The onus of Philip Crosbys methodology is on 1% improvement of hundreds of processes than on 100% improvement of one process. Crosby proposed the four absolutes of quality which are the principles we use to operate, manage and improve our job processes. They provide the answers to four very important questions about quality.
How do we define quality?
How can we make quality happen?
What standard do we use for our performance?
How can we measure quality?
The answer to these questions lies in the four absolutes of quality.
DEFINITION OF QUALITY: It is conformance to requirements. Any product, service or process that conforms to its requirements is a quality product, service or process.
SYSTEM FOR QUALITY IS PREVENTION: Prevention involves communicating, planning, proofing and working in a way that eliminates opportunities for non-conformance.
PERFORMANCE STANDARD IS ZERO DEFECTS: Zero defects is a commitment to meet all the requirements for our work the first time, every time. Our standard is that non-conformance is not acceptable. It is also an attitude, a personal commitment by each of us to understand the requirements of our jobs and do the needful.
MEASUREMENT IS THE PRICE OF NON-CONFORMANCE: The best way to measure quality is to calculate what it costs to do things wrong. This measurement is called price of non-conformance.
The five step methodology is a highly effective one to eliminate any root cause which culminates in non-conformance. Once a problem or potential problem is identified, these steps can be followed effectively to eradicate the causes for the problem one by one permanently, thus facilitating the organizations progress in the quality journey.
DEFINE THE SITUATION: The first step for solving problems is to define the situation. This step includes describing the problem clearly and planning the solution
APPLY FIX: A fix is a temporary step to keep things going.
Identify the root causes. A root cause is the source from which non- conformance originates. The techniques that can be used to identify the root causes can be:
Requirements review
Threads of similarity
Opportunities for error
Cause and effect diagram
Pareto analysis
FORMULATE AND IMPLEMENT CORRECTIVE ACTION: This step has four parts:
Generate possible corrective actions
Select the corrective action
Plan and communicate the corrective action
Implement the corrective action
EVALUATE AND FOLLOW UP: We evaluate the corrective action to see if the problem has been solved. We follow up to make sure the corrective action remains in place and to identify any side effects for the change.
Demings fourteen points
If kaizen forms the underlying philosophy and Crosbys five step methodology forms the starting point, then W Edward Demings 14 points gives the direction for the quality improvement process. The top and middle management should always be guided by the spirit underlying the 14 points. This will prevent us from going backwards in our endeavor. The summary of Demings 14 steps are as follows:
Create a constancy of purpose towards improvement of product and service, while being competitive, staying in business and providing jobs.
Create and publish to all employees a statement of purpose of the aims and purposes of the company. The management must demonstrate constantly their commitment to this statement.
Adopt the new philosophy, namely kaizen- for top management and every body.
Cease dependence on inspection to achieve quality, by building quality initially into the product.
Understand the purposes of inspection, for improvement of processes and cost reduction.
End the practice of awarding business on price tag alone.
Look for long lasting, mutually beneficial partnerships based on loyalty, trust and professionalism.
Improve continuously and constantly the system of production and service, to improve quality and productivity and decrease costs regularly.
Institutionalize training for the job to develop skills within the new recruitment, to assist management and understand all the processes of the organization.
Teach and institute leadership.
Drive out fear to increase everyones effectiveness. Create trust and openness and a climate for innovation.
Break down barriers among departments. Optimize the aims and purposes of the company, the efforts of teams and individuals.
Eliminate slogans.
Eliminate numerical goals, quotas and management by objectives. Instead encourage learning, institutionalize methods, initiate methods for learning capabilities of processes and their improvement.
Remove barriers that rob members of their right to take pride in workmanship. Eliminate the annual rating or merit system.
Institute programs for education and self-improvement of every one.
Institute an action plan and put everyone in the company to work to accomplish the transformation.
These can act as guidelines which will focus all the activities towards achieving constancy of purpose. Simultaneously they provide an apt road map for top management to demonstrate their commitment. Trust and openness within the organization is central for these steps to gain momentum. The absence of such a work environment will obfuscate questions like why?, how?, who?, where? and what?, which constitute the back bone of innovation leading to improvement.
Coveys seven habits
The moment an individual attempts to become his own advocate, seeking to justify himself or reciprocate in kind the treatment received, he gets trapped within the realm of negative energy exchange. This brings both he and his rival on the same footing compelling them to resort to manipulation, violence, withdrawal, indifference, litigation or political battles.
The dialogic and reciprocal nature of our daily exchanges affirms a fundamental belief in the capacity to grow and improve. As a result, the magnanimity that we weild builds greatness into the very fabric of our personality and character.
People with primary greatness have a sense of stewardship about everything in life, including their time, talents, money, possessions, relationships and family. They recognize the need to use all their resources for positive purposes, and are willing to accept responsibility for their actions. The seven habits lay the foundation for this:
Being proactive refers to the endowment of self-knowledge or self awareness with an ability to choose your response. The probable consequences of every employee believing that Quality begins with me. And I need to take my own decisions based on carefully selected values and principles, are very promising. Proactivity cultivates this freedom to subordinate your feelings to your values. So on the continuum, you proceed from being a victim to an achiever who wields self determining creative power based on self awareness choosing a response to any condition or conditioning.
Beginning with the end in mind is the endowment of imagination and conscience. If you are the programmer, write the program. Decide what you are going to do with the time, talent and tools you have to work with. This promises a sense of hope and purpose encouraging initiatives within our area of influence to improve things around and within. The realization that memory ties you down to the past and imagination leads you to the future is vital. Your potential is unlimited, but to potentiate is to actualize your capabilities in spite of the trying conditions.
Placing first things first relates to the endowment of willpower. If we look at the activities we perform, they can be categorized into four quadrants:
QUADRANT 1 : Urgent & Important
QUADRANT 2 : Important & not urgent
QUADRANT 3 : Urgent & not important
QUADRANT 4 : Not urgent & not important
We tend to spend most of our time in 1, 3 & 4 while the essence of success in the long run is the reduction of 4 , 3 & 1 and in the enlargement of 2.
Think Win-Win pertains to an abundance mentality. As people become increasingly principle-centric, they love to share recognition and power because for them it is an ever expanding pie. The basic paradigm of limited resources is shattered. The abundance mentality produces more profit, power and recognition for everybody.
Seeking first to understand than be understood pertains to the quality of courage balanced with consideration. The root cause of all personnel problems is want of effective communication. People do not listen to understand but are busy preparing their answer while listening. They need approval and lack courage. The attitude is Wait a minute, I am the manager in control. I did not come to listen, I came to talk. When I want your opinion Ill give it to you. The ability to listen first requires restraint, respect and reverence. And the ability to make yourself understood requires courage and consideration. On the continuum, you proceed from fight and flight instincts to mature two way communication where courage is balanced with consideration.
Synergy refers to the quality of creativity. The receptivity towards joint efforts in generating solutions that are far better than those proposed individually and originally is really about synergistic communication. This also marks the ability to transcend designation, hierarchy and position.
Sharpening the saw is the unique endowment of renewed improvement or self-renewal to overcome entropy. At the one end of the spectrum is entropy and at the other end is continuous innovation, improvement and refinement.
The last word
Once the organization focuses on these things, the other achievements like quality certifications will follow as a by-product of the continuous quality improvement drive. Undoubtedly, it will generate a positive impact on the whole business due to enhanced product quality, reduced waste, and contented customers and employees.
PA Abrachan
Unit Head
Professional Services Organization HCL Infosystems Limited








Stepping Stones To Quality Business
An insight into why many organizations fail in implementing corrective measures which require only plain common sense for their solutions.
Most organizations fail to progress on the quality front just because they are unable to prevent problems from happening even when the recurring problems are not alien to them. As a result, they end up with missed deadlines and dissatisfied customers and employees.
An analysis of the causes leading to ineffective corrective actions help us to arrive at the following conclusions:


NO DEFINED PROCEDURES: Even if we as managers, team members and entrepreneurs wonder why the team is committing the same mistakes again and again, we seldom take proactive steps to improve. We have even tried in vain to introduce a system for rewarding those who commit new mistakes unlike those committed in the past. The process for an effective preventive action should cover the following points:
Identification of perceived risks during project management reviews
The non-conformities reported in non-conformance reports or audits, defect logs or testing, review reports and customer complaints. Most of the customer complaints are not recorded. If we are willing to listen, these can be heard in client meetings.
Experiences from the pastexperiences of other teams, locations who were on similar tasks, post-mortem reports of completed projects and lessons learnt from reports.
Another point to be addressed is the onus of the preventive actions. Ideally, it can be the team who is directly involved in the operation where the error has to be prevented. However, in some cases it is better to have one-man teams. If the organizational climate is right it will be a good idea if the non-conformity is published and invite volunteers for preventive actions.
While designing the channels for communication, ensure that they are effective. One cant assume that the message has reached everyone just because it's on the notice board.
When can the preventive action be called effective? Will it be effective, if non-conformance is prevented in one project? Or when it is prevented in all projects in the same location? Or when it is prevented in all projects at all locations? It is advisable to test the preventive action in one project before implementing it at on a broader scale.
Philip B Crosbys five-step methodology can be effectively deployed for implementing preventive actions. The five steps comprise:
Defining the problem
Applying a fix to the problem
Identifying the root causes
Implementing preventive action
Evaluating and follow-up activities
LACK OF MONITORING AND MEASUREMENT: Even if as part of a methodology, evaluation and follow-up methods are defined, it is advisable to include monitoring of preventive actions during:
Review of project plans to ensure that all preventive actions taken in the past and currently in progress are included either in the risk management section or operational processes of the project plans.
Review of the quality management system to ensure that the proofed and time-tested preventive actions are institutionalized by incorporating them into the QMS of the organization.
Internal and external audits.
Project management reviews.
LACK OF RECOGNITION: This appears to be the simplest as well as the most complicated factor. The challenge lies in bringing in a system to identify the best contributions. In a highly matured organization, selection by peers can be adopted. However, this can lead to negative results if the team is not matured and different factors such as informal groups and formal groups can influence the selection. The other alternatives are to have a panel of external judges or to have an internal panel with credibility.
NOT PART OF HANDOVER/TAKEOVER PROCEDURES: Especially in industries where the rate of employee turnover is high or the frequency of job rotation is high, the onus of preventive action may shift along with the person responsible for the area of operation. This would make it difficult for the person to proceed with the preventive action project. Most quality improvement initiatives fail due to this problem. This can be reduced to a large extent by laying out a careful process which involves the handing over the charge of preventive action to the successor in a formal manner.
NO PERFORMANCE STANDARDS: In a competitive scenario where switching jobs is not an exception, the growth path of employees within the same organization is very narrow. However, there are a lot of exceptions and they are growing within the organization due to lesser competition. Apart from recognition, setting of performance standards like at least one preventive action during the appraisal period to become eligible for promotion or exemplary performance will have a positive impact.
Setting of performance standards like at least one preventive action during the appraisal period to become eligible for promotion or exemplary performance will have a positive impact.
LACK OF KNOWLEDGE: Nobody generally takes initiatives in areas where they lack knowledge. Constant training on methodology and sharing experiences are the only way out. There are no short cuts. These can be part of the induction programs organized for new comers. Periodic refresher courses will help the team keep abreast with the latest developments.
LACK OF COMMUNICATION: It is often found in many cases the enthusiasm evaporates before the preventive action reaches some meaningful stage. This results in lack of communication or ineffective communication across the team. The people responsible for communicating lives under the impression that every thing is fine and every body knows what is happening. Reality may be entirely different. Only the people directly involved in defining preventive action will know the facts while those who are supposed to carry out the task may be ignorant about the developments.
While designing the channels for communication, care must be taken to ensure that they are effective. We cant presume that the message has reached everyone, just by putting the matter on the notice board or by issuing a circular. Seminars and workshops can be better options. Effective communication can generate the awareness required to drive the whole movement forward.
PROBLEM DEFINITION
During the acceptance testing of a module, 65 defects were reported by the client which resulted in customer dissatisfaction, employee dissatisfaction and rework.
Average rework time per program unit is one hour.
ROOT CAUSES IDENTIFIED
Lack of experience among team members.
No performance standards available for coders and testers.
Lack of awareness of zero defects and price of non-conformance.
Tight schedule.
Lack of recognition.
Lack of communication.
PREVENTIVE ACTIONS
Training on development tool. It could be 16 hours of theory and 25 hours of hands on.
Training on software testing for 10 hours.
Certification for coders and testers.
Performance standards for coders and testers were set and communicated which was zero defect during unit testing for coders and zero undetected errors for testers.
Peer reviews and peer testing were introduced.
Introduction to zero defects and price of non-conformance were given to the team for two hours.
Function point was used for estimation and the schedules were proofed.
Best performer award was introduced.
Lessons learnt reports were introduced and were made a part of the induction programs.
Institutionalizing the process by publishing it in the Process Improvement Procedures Manual (PIPM) and making it mandatory.
RESULTS
Reduction of rework time from one hour per unit to 15 minutes per unit.
Better exposure to team.
Job satisfaction.
Savings to the tune of 13% of the projected profit.


PA ABRACHAN
Sub Unit Head,
Professional Services Organization,
HCL Infosystems Ltd.




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Enter supporting content here

Abrachan,Engineer by profession,Indian citizen, from the southern most state called Kerala. Live in Coimbatore City of Tamil nadu state, with my daughter and wife. Coimbatore is a nice cool place. I like it because of its cool climate, nice people,cleanliness and proximity to Cochin,Chennai and Bangalore (all nice cities).Like travel,photography,friendship,social service,spirituality,reading and writing. I will not stop with this list, Iam continuously learning from others!

I de-stress myself with regular morning walks,meditation nd prayer and it is at these solo sessions, my right brain is at its best!
Still at times, I feel miserable! I overcome those bad patches by, any Guess?? hahahaha!!! No, You got it wrong!!! I spend some time with my best friend!!! any guess again!! No!!! You got it wrong again...Not many know this person!!! hahahaha!! again you got it wrong!!! It is the Great Rev.Fr.Sadanad. an 83 year old young man!!! Iam a true Geminian, and take pride in that!! Young at heart!!!! and Spirit!!! I like to "keep walking" "Johnie Walker" or Chivas!! and the best place for that is my ancestoral home in a village called Varapuzha (you get some hits on google search, try!! I was delighted to see it!! My village on web!!!) along with the special dishes (pure kerala), made by my mother!! on a monsoon Day!!! Dream it!! If You are a Dreamer!!! Its really God's Own Country!!!

Again, If you like me, Iam happy!! If you dont, Iam not unhappy!! If you find me a as a useful human being, then, I will give myself a big big laugh!!! I like laughter and life!!!! I like kids very much, because they can laugh easily and is full of life!!! Yes, I want to be a kid again!!!! A kid, in spirit!!!!!

Want to be a kid!!! Want to laugh!!!! Can make me laugh!!! Be my friend!!!!!! You are welcome!!!! You are special!!!

"May I be like the Sun in seeing; like fire in brilliance;like wind in power;like Soma in fragrance; like Lord Brihaspati in intellect; like the Aswins in beauty; like Indra-Agni in strength." - Sama Veda Mantra

Let me know you clearly,
Love you dearly
Follow you nearly, Dear Jesus!!!!


Let us celebrate Life!!!

Best Of Luck
Abrachan


Gemini (May 21-June 20)
Overview of the Year 2001 By Susan Miller E-mail this page
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As 2001 begins, you are still the zodiac's darling. With Jupiter, the planet in charge of gifts and good luck, in Gemini (a once-in-twelve year occurrence), you certainly are in a fortunate phase, and opportunities will be popping up all over the place. You should certainly find yourself in the right place at the right time. Everyone wants to meet you, and you want to meet them: New faces will bring you fresh interests, and some acquaintances could open doors for you. It wouldn't be surprising if you had to pinch yourself every once in a while to make sure you weren't dreaming!

While Jupiter entered Gemini on June 30, 2000, you may not have seen the fulfillment of its goodies quite yet, because Jupiter went retrograde soon after, on September 29 just as it was starting to help you (Jupiter has stayed in this zone since that date). Retrograde planets operate at half power, so while glittering possibilities are on the horizon, you may have been asking yourself if they would ever materialize. They will, dear Gemini, and you'll get an indication just as soon as Jupiter turns direct on January 25, 2001. Be ready for lift off!

You will have to plant seeds quickly, between January and July 12, 2001, to catch the best of these rays. While projects and relationships aren't likely to bloom that fast, in astrology, the timing of the planting of those initial seeds counts. Thus, the first half of 2001 is your very best time to get out and about and initiate new plans. This is your most promising period in the past ten years. Single Gemini may now find a soul mate, as Jupiter's travels through your sign often bring a significant person into your life. While this person could play an important role in your life, it is rarely (if ever) evident the first time you meet.

June 14 should be a standout date for just about any purpose, since the Sun will embrace Jupiter. This is probably the best day of the year for everyone, but especially for you, because both heavenly bodies are in Gemini. (Double that if you are born on or near that date!)

Last May, the lineup of planets in Taurus allowed you to discover qualities and talents that had previously been dormant within you. You seemed to be in a very private, meditative mode in 2000. If you spent more time alone than usual, that was a good move, allowing you to get in touch with your spiritual and creative core. Gemini likes to write, so perhaps you were concentrating on an important book or article that you are introducing to the world. With Saturn moving out of your most private sector on April 20, you are about to come out into the sunshine. From that point on, you will be much more in the public eye and perhaps even feeling like you are on display.

When Jupiter moves on to Cancer in July, it will enter your 2nd sector of earned income, and you may start earning the kind of money you only used to dream about. Jupiter will remain in this sector of income until July 2002, so your earning power should hit new highs. You may be lulled into thinking that your monetary bonanza will last forever; unfortunately, it will be a bit more challenging to save money for less lucrative times. Later, after July 2002, Jupiter will move into Leo, and, while you will maintain a good salary, conditions beyond your control might make it harder to do so.

Saturn is moving into Gemini on April 20, 2001, a placement Saturn has not had since June 1971-April 1974. If you are old enough, look back to those years for clues about decisions and commitments that allowed you to build a more solid structure to your life. Whatever you did then may have had a long-range effect on your life, and you will again have the urge to solidify and contain your gains between April 2001 and June 2003.

You are craving roots and stability right now. Uncharacteristically, you are unwilling to live one day at a time and seem to want to set up a table of contents to your life, with solid goals to work toward. You want your efforts to amount to something big; you are likely to succeed, simply because you are committing to those ideals so deeply. When people have Saturn transiting their sign, they tend to commit to a relationship or decide to have a baby, change careers, buy a house, or start working toward a big educational goal all parts of life that demand a mature and long-range outlook.

You will also have a very strong emphasis on partners in 2001. Mars, the planet of energy, is about to tour your 7th sector of partners, from mid-February through early September, joining Pluto, which is already there. This is an extraordinarily long tour of a sign for Mars, which usually spends six weeks (not seven months) in one sign. Once in your partnership sector, Mars will hold hands with Pluto on May 8, in exact conjunction an indication that the person you are with, romantically or professionally, is playing quite a powerful role in your life. Romantically, if you want to bring the relationship to a deeper level, you have that option now.

Whatever you choose to do, this year you realize that you cannot accomplish the goal alone. You must seek out the right individuals to align yourself with in order to accomplish your endeavors. The 7th sector also rules experts we hire to consult accountants, lawyers, therapists, and the like who are working with your interests at heart. If you are in a business partnership or if you have an agent or representative who stands in for you in business deals, this person will prove to be a sterling crown jewel, worth his or her weight in gold.

Saturn in Gemini set to stay two-and-a-half years once it enters in late April will act like an athletic coach or army drill sergeant, showing you how to shape up fast and how to be more disciplined about going after what you want. Saturn in Gemini will also show you how to cut waste and use your time wisely. Suddenly, you won't allow anyone to simply stand by your door to chat: you've got plenty to do and perhaps not enough time to get it all done. (Saturn rules time, so you'll be very cognizant of it over the next two years.)

Saturn only comes by once every 29 years, so when it does, it heralds key periods in one's life. The same could be said of Jupiter, which you also have in you sign, for the first time since July 1988, and not to be enjoyed again until June 2012. Jupiter may have expanded your waistline since it entered your sign in June 2000. If so, Saturn will use its constrictive influence to help you lose those extra pounds, an influence that will be more noticeable in the second half of 2001.

The combination of these two heavy-hitters in the planetary lineup (as opposed to the lighter-weight, more personal planets, such as Venus, Mercury and Mars) is very rare. The fact that Jupiter is the first to arrive in Gemini means that you will have a victory or some sort of breakthrough to celebrate. Then, the hard work will begin. It's a little like a wedding/honeymoon that is followed by pregnancy and birth; the real work follows the celebration. (The same could be said of the champagne you drink when you get a book contract: Once it's gone, you go into your hut to work on your novel for the next two years.)

Should this thought be a tad depressing to you, think of it this way: The celebration is all about promise, while the hard work allows for the fulfillment of that promise. Without the effort, the celebration is meaningless. (This is true with one exception: If your celebration culminates an earlier period of hard work, such as the publishing of a book. However, in that case, a new book follows, so you go back into your cave to write another one anyway.) Thus, you see the rotating cycle of life each time the wheel turns to bring you back to the initial starting point, it does so at an ever higher stage of development and maturity. That, dear Gemini, is what your current planetary action is all about.

Jupiter is considered a huge, gaseous planet that increases luck exponentially. It is known to expand one's expectations and optimism, creating happiness along the way. By contrast, Saturn is a constrictive, icy planet that requires patience, prudence, and practicality. Saturn's presence will keep you grounded in reality. This combination of planetary influences suggests that you won't lose your head, even though the fabulous luck surrounding you might tempt you to do just that! Saturn will help you nurture the seeds you plant as they grow into sturdy oak trees; it will help you work harder and longer than you ever thought possible and have plenty of success to show for it. Usually these two planets are in distant parts of the chart. The fact that they are together now means that you are rapidly transforming yourself into a new and improved version, more quickly than people are usually able to accomplish this.

Professionally, Uranus is still perched at the pinnacle of your chart, indicating some rather interesting developments in career, publishing, and spirituality. Travel is a huge trend this year Jupiter conjunct to the Sun usually brings increased mobility, which is something you are known to relish. The first part of the year seems to accent travel more than usual, though in the first six weeks you will mainly travel for business. That doesn't mean that you can't sprinkle in some pleasure with your business! On or near June 19 you are likely to experience one marvelously exciting day, when surprise career-oriented breakthroughs and benefits abound. (If that is your birthday, all I can say is, "Wow!")

It has been said that Gemini is always looking for a mythological lost twin, and this year you may find this person in terms of a partner. With so much going on in your 7th sector, you may need a business partner or agent to help you with your day-to-day details. You seem to dearly need this other person to bring you over the top and into a new realm, and the fee this person earns is worth every penny. Don't skimp or try to negotiate his or her compensation down to too low a figure.

In love, you usually like to dip your toe into a relationship but not wade knee-deep. That has been gradually changing with the presence of Pluto in your 7th sector (a long-term aspect that began back in 1995). Pluto is an all-or-nothing planet, known for obsessive passion and full commitment. When Pluto enters a sector, it paves the way for vast change, but does so in a very subtle, gradual way. You have seen your current relationship go through ups and downs, often hitting highs you had never experienced before and lows that have made you hesitate about taking a final step. You are uncertain what to do, so you have opted to remain on the sidelines, watching your relationship as if it were a movie. April will bring some sparkling romantic moments, thanks to the full moon on April 7, but things will get more serious later in the year.

This increasing seriousness occurs when Saturn signals Pluto in early August and again in early November. At those times, Saturn will warn you to either make a firm commitment to this relationship or to end it. Saturn is built to think over the course of decades, so it doesn't put much trust in silly fun or lighthearted episodes. Saturn wants stability, eternal pledges, and tangible proof of love, such as an engagement ring or a marriage license. By the time Saturn issues its warnings in the second and third quarters, Jupiter, the ruler of your sector of partnership, will have moved into your financial sector, suggesting that monetary considerations may influence your decision. (This may alternatively mean that you are setting up a business partnership during this period.)

Jupiter retrogrades on the very day that Saturn issues its second warning, November 2, suggesting that you may not feel ready to make a final decision. If that is the case, you will scale the relationship back a notch, while you think it over a bit more. You are the only one who can figure this out; there is no astrologer on earth who can tell you what to do. If you are undecided, it means you have less than all the information you need to make an informed choice. Bide your time, and wait until you do.

For those who hope to meet someone new, your friends hold the key, so be open to their offers to introduce you to someone. Jupiter's presence in your sign in the first part of the year suggests a very important introduction or powerful attraction, which happens to coincide with the encouraging movements of Venus.

Let's have a look at Venus' unusual movements in 2001. Venus will be gliding through your friendship and social sector for an inordinately long period of time, from February 2 to June 6, 2001. Within that period, Venus will retrograde from March 8 to April 19. This means that during the retrograde period, you may have a change of heart and either need to iron out a problem in your relationship or think about reactivating a past relationship that you thought you had long been put to rest. February through early June will be a sensational social time for you, no matter what your marital status, so prepare to mix and mingle at that time.

Your career progress will be good in 2001, with a rather fantastic moment coming on January 10 or 11, when Mercury, your ruler, sends a magical beam to Jupiter. Mercury will be in Aquarius at the time, suggesting that a book/document/website will bring you great acclaim. Travel, public relations, broadcasting, sales, marketing, work on the Internet, or other forms of communication will be lucky for you as well.

May 16 and November 17 are also spectacular days for your career, travel, or personal interest. (May 16 is a four-star day, with Jupiter moving over your ruler to the exact degree.) By November, Mercury will be in Scorpio, indicating an emerging assignment that you find thrilling.

There are a few lucky, gift-giving days in the second half of the year: You are likely to see a raise in your paycheck in the period around July 20. And the new moon on August 3, when Venus conjoins Jupiter in your 2nd sector, would be a great time for a performance review at work. A magnificent gift could show up on December 24, when Mars activates a cosmic phone call to Jupiter, by then in your sector of possessions. Generally, however, the first half of the year will be a better time to advance professional interests, since the ruler of your 10th sector of fame, Neptune, will be receiving glittering vibrations from Jupiter. A date to watch is April 5, when these two planets reach a perfect vibration. It will be hard to beat the first few months of the year in that regard. Be sure to work hard and give all professional tasks your wholehearted effort.

It is critical not to let success go to your head, dear Gemini, because Saturn entering Gemini and later opposing Pluto suggests that competitors will be eyeing your position and hope to take advantage of any misstep you make. I suppose that this is the price of success you attract critics, competitors, and detractors who come out in the open and vie for your piece of the pie. Still, the ancient Greeks always felt that pride and arrogance were the main character flaws that could bring us down, so be sure not to let success go to your head during this marvelous period. Luckily, with Saturn in Gemini too, you are less likely to fall victim to those tendencies.

The eclipses, falling in your financial sector, suggest that you'll both lose and gain certain sources of income during the course of the year. You may already know this, since the eclipses in Cancer and Capricorn began in July 2000, and one occurred on Christmas Day 2000. The coming eclipses will again fall in those signs in early January, late June, early July, and late December 2001, all dates that may bring news about income or influence your future earning potential.

Saturn is urging you to be financially cautious in the first four months of the year and to avoid extravagance. You, more than most signs, find budgeting constricting, but it might not be a bad idea now, when both financial windfalls and pressing (and perhaps unexpected) obligations keep you riding a monetary roller coaster. You'll need to be ready for anything, so don't quit your day job just yet, no matter how promising other opportunities may look.

Eclipses here also urge you to reassess your spiritual values and to put your time where you need it most. Perhaps you will decide to change the kind of work you do, in order to contribute more to society. Or, conversely, maybe you'll decide you need more money in the future to take good care of your children or others you hold dear, and will rearrange your life to accommodate longer working hours. Decisions like this are common when eclipses occur in financial sectors.

Jupiter's entry into your 2nd sector of income brings truly sensational results from July 2001 to July 2002, but until the eclipses are done issuing their individual messages, by December 30, 2001, you might not have a full and accurate financial picture. Luckily, these eclipses are friendly, so they may just as easily bring you a bonanza as stressful news. Your spending seems to be at high levels in 2001 (probably matching fantastic raises in income) try not to shoot your whole wad in one place. Being conservative is always the best course, until you can see the road ahead clearly. If you are one of the lucky ones, you will be thrilled with financial benefits heading your way. Until you know for sure, play it safe.

Summary:

Last year was a benchmark for your spiritual and emotional growth, thanks to the entry of Jupiter into Gemini. Your chart suggests that you started to get in touch with at least one new and previously undiscovered talent and found the courage to express it in a more outward fashion. In 2001 spurred by the encouragement you received from influential VIP's, family and friends, and the progress you've made so far you will take your ideas to a higher, more developed level. As a result, your quest for tangible, material success has all the earmarks of surpassing your reasonable expectations. Of course, you must work hard and apply yourself with determination and focus; but if you do, the financial benefits will be there for you to enjoy. Security, options for future growth, and a stronger sense of self and purpose all can be yours, so roll up those sleeves, Gemini!

The eclipses are helping you establish new values and are also urging you to take your money and invest it wisely. Spending seems to be up in 2001, perhaps because you are earning so much more. Try not to go into spending overdrive, so that you can enjoy seeing that stash of cash in your bank account.

In your career, it seems like you need a partner, agent, or other representative to bring you to the top of the mountain. You seem to find this person easily, and he or she will prove just as powerful, influential, and effective as you assess when you meet him or her. Sign him or her up, for this person will be invaluable to you. (You may have already done so, back near September 4 or October 13, 2000.) There should be another interesting development involving partners on May 6, 2001, a date that may hark back to those earlier dates by bringing your talks or projects to a new phase of development. On that same date, May 6, you may alternatively start a new union. If so, you can be sure it will be a powerful, transformative one.

Your romantic life looks like it's ready for an upswing, too. While the above-mentioned reference to partners may affect you in a business sense, these aspects could as easily refer to your personal partner. If you have no one in your life, you have reason for cheer, because Jupiter in your sign usually brings a soul mate. But, you may have to look closely to notice just how important this person could be to you when you first meet. Single Gemini will find the first half of the year terrific, although the new moon in your sector of love on October 16 should be very promising as well. Friends should be very helpful, as Venus, the ruler of your sector of love, spends a long time in your 11th sector.

Those in a close relationship may feel some pressure to decide whether to make a final commitment or to leave, once Saturn signals Pluto in early August or November. If you aren't ready, you may pull back from the relationship temporarily until you feel that you have all the information you need to press forward. You've had some highs and lows with your partner, but all the while you seem to realize that this person is playing a key role perhaps a destined role in your life, at least for now.

This will be your wonder year, Gemini 2001 could easily set the gold standard for years ahead. Having Jupiter in your sign in the first half, in such good angle to Uranus and Neptune, will be hard to beat. Enjoy yourself to the fullest! Whatever you start this year can contribute profits and happiness to the entire coming decade. Therefore, while the Cosmos are paying you all kinds of attention, seriously consider any new opportunities or introductions offered to you by friends and authority figures. They could represent a once-in-a-lifetime chance to leave your mark upon the world and find true happiness on a personal scale.

Special note: If you read your forecasts on a printout given to you by someone else because you don't own a computer, you might want to try using a computer at the library or by going to a cyber-cafe. The previous month's report is always available from a link at the bottom of the forecast, as is an offer to sign up to receive the Astrology Zone newsletter. As a subscriber to the newsletter, you will receive the monthly posting announcement (signaling that the new month's information is up on the site) and the monthly theme newsletter in which Susan Miller uses the month's general aspects to talk about a current event. Please sign up membership is free, there is no obligation, and you can cancel at any time. The bulletins include extra information that is not posted on the site. The official website address of Astrology Zone is http://astrologyzone.go.com

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